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Bogotá Capital city Flag Seal Motto: "Bogotá Mejor Para Todos" ("A Better Bogotá For All", 2016–2019) Colombia Coordinates: 4°35'53?N 74°4'33?W? / ?4.59806°N 74.07583°W? / 4.59806; -74.07583Coordinates: 4°35'53?N 74°4'33?W? / ?4.59806°N 74.07583°W? / 4.59806; -74.07583 Country Colombia Department Capital District Foundation 6 August 1538 (traditional) Founded by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada Government  • Mayor Enrique Peñalosa Area  • Capital city 1,587 km2 (613 sq mi)  • Urban 307.36 km2 (118.67 sq mi) Area rank 32nd Elevation 2,640 m (8,660 ft) Population (2015)  • Capital city 7,878,783  • Rank 1st  • Metro 9,800,000 Demonym(s) Bogotan bogotano, -na (es) Postal code 11XXXX Area code(s) +57 1 HDI (2010) 0.965 very high Website City Official Site Bogotá Tourism Bogotá (/?b?g?'t??/, /?bo?g?'t??/; Spanish pronunciation:  ( listen)) officially Bogotá, Distrito Capital, abbreviated Bogotá, D.C (during the time of Spanish rule and from 1991-2000 called Santafé de Bogotá) is the capital of Colombia and the department of Cundinamarca. It is administered as Capital District, and has autonomy in the management of its interests within the limits of the Constitution and the law. Bogotá is a territorial entity of the first order, with administrative powers that the law gives to the departments. It consists of 20 localities and is the political, economic, administrative, industrial, artistic, cultural, sports and tourist epicenter of the country.It is located in the center of Colombia, in the natural region known as the Bogotá savanna, which is part of Altiplano Cundiboyacense formation located in the Eastern Cordillera of the Andes. It is the third highest capital in South America (after La Paz and Quito), at an average 2625 meters above sea level.It has a length of 33 km (21 mi) from south to north, and 16 km (10 mi) from east to west. As the capital, home to senior agencies of the executive branch (President's Office), legislative (Congress of Colombia) and judicial (Supreme Court, Constitutional Court, Council of State and the Superior Council of the Judiciary).According to The Economist, in economic terms, Bogotá is known for its economic strength associated with the size of their production facilities to create companies and do business, financial maturity, attracting global companies and the quality of its human capital. It is the main market of Colombia and the Andean natural region, and the leading destination for new projects of foreign direct investment coming into Latin America and Colombia. It has the highest nominal GDP in the country, contributing most to the national total (24.7%), and it is the sixth largest city by size of GDP in Latin America (about USD 108,782 million), likewise, is the largest business platform of Colombia where most high-impact ventures occur.El Dorado International Airport it has the largest volume of cargo transported in Latin America, and is second in number of people. It is the city of Colombia with the largest number of universities (114) and research centers, and has an important cultural offer, which is represented in many museums, theaters and libraries. The city is ranked 52 in the Global Cities Index 2014, and is considered a global city type "Beta" by GaWC. ^ Henderson, James D.; Delpar, Helen; Brungardt, Maurice Philip; Richard N. Weldon (2000). A reference guide to Latin American history. M.E. Sharpe. p. 61. ISBN 978-1-56324-744-6. Retrieved 5 August 2011.  ^ Duncan Smith. "World City Populations 1950 - 2030". Retrieved 18 December 2015.  ^ "Bright lights, big cities. Urbanisation and the rise of the megacity". economist.com. Retrieved 23 December 2015.  ^ "Bogotá una ciudad Andina" (in Spanish). la Alcaldía Mayor de Bogotá. Retrieved 2010-11-19.  ^ "Estimaciones de Población 1985 - 2005 y Proyecciones de Población 2005 - 2020 Total Municipal por Área (estimate)". Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística. Retrieved 29 March 2014.  ^ "Poblacion Municipal DANE". Retrieved April 2013.  ^ "2005 Census" (in Spanish). Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística DANE. Retrieved 2012-02-10.  ^ "Índice de desarrollo humano por departamentos. 2000-2010" (PDF) (in Spanish). undp.org. p. 403. Retrieved 2015-05-20.  ^ "Organización del Distrito Capital". bogota.gov.co. Retrieved 5 January 2016.  ^ a b "Hot spots: Benchmarking global city competitiveness" (PDF). The Economist Intelligence Unit. Retrieved 5 January 2016.  ^ a b Harvard University (2011). The Talent Issue. Harvard Business Review.  ^ "IBM destaca a Bogotá como la ciudad con mayor número de proyectos de inversión extranjera en Latinoamérica". IBM-Plant Location International (IBM-PLI). Retrieved 5 January 2016.  ^ "Ránking 2015 de Las Mejores Ciudades para Hacer Negocios en América Latina". América Economía Intelligence, mediante el ICUR. Retrieved 5 January 2016.  ^ "Eldorado de Bogotá, el segundo en Latinoamérica de preferencia por los viajeros". portel.bogota.gov.co. Retrieved 5 January 2016.  ^ "2014 Global Cities Index and Emerging Cities Outlook" (PDF). atkearney.com. Retrieved 5 January 2016.  ^ "GaWC - The World According to GaWC 2012". Lboro.ac.uk. 2014-01-13. Retrieved 2014-06-03.
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